Monitoring and Controlling

The Monitoring and Controlling stage of project management is like the navigator’s role on a ship, constantly checking the course to ensure it aligns with the planned route. In this phase, project managers and teams keep a watchful eye on various aspects of the project to ensure it stays on track, adheres to objectives, and maintains quality. Here’s a more detailed description of what this stage entails:

1. Regularly Tracking Project Performance:

  • Performance Metrics: Define key performance metrics and indicators that align with project objectives. These metrics may include timelines, budgets, quality standards, and more.
  • Progress Tracking: Continuously monitor and track project progress against the planned schedule and milestones. Use project management software or tools to facilitate this tracking process.

2. Comparing Actual Progress to Planned Objectives:

  • Variance Analysis: Regularly analyze the differences (variances) between actual progress and planned objectives. This helps identify areas where the project is deviating from the original plan.
  • Root Cause Analysis: When variances occur, conduct root cause analysis to determine the underlying reasons. This can uncover issues related to resource constraints, scope changes, or other factors.

3. Implementing Changes or Corrective Actions:

  • Change Control: Use a formal change control process to evaluate and approve any proposed changes to the project. Changes should align with the project’s objectives and be carefully assessed for their impact.
  • Corrective Actions: When deviations from the plan are identified, take corrective actions promptly to bring the project back on track. These actions may involve reallocating resources, adjusting timelines, or revising the scope.

4. Managing Scope Changes and Addressing Risks:

  • Scope Management: Continue to manage and control changes to the project scope. Ensure that any alterations are well-documented and approved by relevant stakeholders.
  • Risk Management: Proactively identify and address risks as they arise. Implement risk response strategies outlined in the risk management plan and monitor risk triggers closely.

5. Upholding Quality Standards:

  • Quality Assurance: Maintain rigorous quality assurance processes throughout the project. Regularly review deliverables to ensure they meet or exceed predefined quality standards.
  • Quality Control: Perform quality control checks at various stages to catch and rectify defects or issues before they impact the project’s overall quality.

6. Maintaining Open Communication with Stakeholders:

  • Stakeholder Engagement: Maintain transparent and open communication with all project stakeholders. Keep them informed about project progress, issues, and changes.
  • Issue Resolution: Address any project-related issues promptly and involve relevant stakeholders in finding solutions. Effective issue resolution is essential to prevent small problems from becoming major obstacles.

7. Documentation and Reporting:

  • Documentation: Maintain comprehensive project documentation, including status reports, meeting minutes, and change request records. This documentation serves as a historical record and helps with decision-making.
  • Reporting: Regularly update stakeholders with project status reports that include information on progress, performance, issues, and any necessary changes. Tailor these reports to the needs of different stakeholders.


Monitoring and Controlling is the stage where project managers act as vigilant guardians of the project’s success. By tracking performance, comparing it to objectives, implementing changes, managing scope, upholding quality, and maintaining open communication, project teams ensure that the project stays on course and remains aligned with its goals. It’s a critical phase that requires diligence, adaptability, and a commitment to delivering successful outcomes.

Jan D.
Jan D.

"The only real security that a man will have in this world is a reserve of knowledge, experience, and ability."

Articles: 661

Leave a Reply

Vaše e-mailová adresa nebude zveřejněna. Vyžadované informace jsou označeny *